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Welcome to the Publications Library! Here you will find a searchable index of reports, toolkits, research papers, and other resources relevant to the Small and Growing Business Sector. Sort by clicking on the relevant tags, or by typing in key words in the box below.

 

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Top tags: sector publication  impact investing  Entrepreneurship  ANDE publication  Access to Finance  Global  Social Entrepreneurship  women  Development  accelerators  SGB  SME  Economic Growth  impact evaluation  2018  africa  2016  india  GALI  ecosystem  Latin America  Agriculture  finance  social enterprise  2017  private sector development  Base of the Pyramid  BoP  environment  poverty 

Financial Inclusion Hype vs. Reality: Deconstructing the 2017 Findex Results

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, July 4, 2018
Updated: Tuesday, July 3, 2018

Financial Inclusion Hype vs. Reality: Deconstructing the 2017 Findex Results
Center for Financial Inclusion

This report spotlights key financial inclusion indicators, including account usage, borrowing, saving and resilience, among others, and takes an in-depth look at six countries that help tell the story of financial inclusion progress around the world. In short, we find that after correcting for account dormancy in developing countries, account growth has slowed, the access-usage gap is widening, credit is flat and savings is declining. A bright spot, however, is the proliferation in the use of digital payments.

Read the full report.

Tags:  2018  Access to Finance 

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SME Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Posted By Genevieve Edens, Aspen Institute, Friday, September 22, 2017
Updated: Wednesday, September 20, 2017

SME FINANCE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: HOW DO WE ACHIEVE SIGNIFICANT SCALE AND REACH?

by Enclude, the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs, and the Shell Foundation

Enclude, ANDE, and the Shell Foundation conducted this research in 2016 and 2017, with generous participation from leading providers of SME finance globally through roundtables, workshops, and interviews.  The study focuses on SMEs that are commercially viable with five to 250 employees and have significant potential and ambition for growth. Within this segment, our "Target Market" focus is on businesses in the “validate” and “prepare” stages seeking growth and working capital of between $250,000 and $1 million. 

State of the Market

 We estimate there are 9.4 million formal and informal SMEs in this Target Market with a financing gap upwards of $70 billion

Some financing models show solid commercial promise, but subsidy will be necessary for many years to come. Grant, sub-commercial, and quasi-commercial capital will all be required in greater proportions in order to leverage more commercial capital. DFIs will remain as the main investors, but will need to re-calibrate and re-frame their return expectations, and look to lead and be part of bridging solutions and systemic interventions. 

5 Promising Approaches to Move the Market

A material increase would require growth in the quantum of financing – targeting an additional $3 billion in financing by 2020-2022, led with funding from Development Finance Institutions, as well as donors, foundations, and corporations. Five of the most promising approaches to unlocking this capital, listed in order of absorptive capacity and investor appetite are: 

  •  Commercial Bank with an SME Unit 
  • Investment fund providing mezzanine financing
  • Asset-backed financing
  • Flexible debt instrument
  • Tailored private equity fund 

4 Calls to Action 

  • Build a robust data set that sharpens insights of size, distribution, trajectory, and returns
  • Go deep in one country to demonstrate the viability of the five most promising approaches
  • Unlock domestic capital markets, the only viable solution to foreign exchange issues 
  • Support local talent required to sustain reliable support for target SMEs

Download the executive summary & call to action slides here.

For a narrative version, click here. 

 

Tags:  access to finance  ANDE publication  finance  SGB  SME 

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Growth and Opportunity: The Landscape of Organizations that Support Small and Growing Businesses in the Developing World

Posted By Administration, Thursday, March 31, 2016
Updated: Monday, June 8, 2015

Commissioned by the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE) as part of its own strategic planning process, this study maps the landscape of the SGB sector, and in so doing, determines both the challenges facing SGB intermediaries and how ANDE and other organizations should support the field in addressing these challenges. 

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 Attached Files:

Tags:  access to finance  ANDE publication  Economic Growth  Entrepreneurship  Global  Impact Evaluation  impact investing  Policy  SGB 

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The Elephant in the Room: Financial Inclusion for the Missing Middle

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, February 10, 2016

The Elephant in the Room: Financial Inclusion for the Missing Middle

By Joe Dougherty and Radoslava Dogandjieva

Donor agencies, philanthropists, and social innovators are much enamored of financial inclusion these days. This report explores current limitations of financial inclusion and makes the case for why financing SMEs (or the missing middle) is so difficult, and so important. 

Originally published in the MIT Press Journal Innovations 

Also available on the Dalberg Blog

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Tags:  access to finance  finance  missing middle 

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New Data Indicates a Leveling of the Playing Field for Global Commerce

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, January 19, 2016

eBay Policy Lab: Enabling Commerce
Over the past decade, technology has driven a game-changing shift in the global economy, enabling more small businesses to sell to customers around the world and compete with large enterprises. For the 2016 Small Online Business Growth Report, we looked at eBay sales and seller data across 10 markets and four years (2010-2014). The data reveals how these small business (SMB) sellers are using technology to drive growth and engage in global trade at rates that far outpace traditional businesses around the world.

See the full report here > > 

Tags:  access to finance  Finance 

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Unleashing the full potential of the Kenyan SME sector

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, October 21, 2015

The first report in the Dutch Good Growth Fund (DGGF) #ClosingTheGap series has identified four main gaps in the Kenyan entrepreneurial ecosystem that hamper the growth of local enterprises. The study shares insights about the challenges and obstacles the different sub segments of the small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) sector face in Kenya.

This update study on the key challenges that the 'missing middle' face in Kenya diagnoses the Kenyan entrepreneurial ecosystem, focusing specifically on the financial services offerings for local SMEs. DGGF has collaborated with ANDE and EAVCA for this study. Make sure to check it out. 


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Tags:  access to finance  Financing Mechanisms  Kenya  SME 

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Impact Investing in West Africa

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Impact investing can help solve major social and environmental problems in West Africa1, leveraging new sources of capital in places that lack sufficient government resources and development aid to address development challenges. A recent report by the Rockefeller Foundation and JP Morgan (2010) suggests that impact investments are emerging as an alternative asset class that could grow to represent a global market of US$ 500 billiona in five to ten years. The implications for West Africa are exciting. Now is the time to deepen our understanding, increase awareness, and foster dialogue on impact investing in the region.

Impact investing—making investments to generate positive impact beyond financial return—is not new to West Africa. However, few investors in the region identify themselves as impact investors or are familiar with the concept in those terms. This lack of awareness, coupled with other substantive challenges, could slow the development of the impact investment industry in the region. This report is the first comprehensive analysis ever conducted on the impact investing industry in West Africa. It aims to: (1) map the landscape of impact investing supply and demand in West Africa; (2) identify the substantive challenges that hamper the growth of the industry and recommend solutions for overcoming them; and (3) serve as a starting point for regional dialogue and local network development activities among impact investors. 

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Tags:  access to finance  impact investing  Sector publication  West Africa 

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More than Money: Impact Investing for Development

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Much of development policy is geared toward increasing investment and creating the conditions that allow private capital flows to take the place of development assistance. The renowned development success stories—Taiwan, South Korea, Eastern Europe, Costa Rica, and China—have all been marked by a dramatic increase in private investment, both domestic and foreign.

Investments designed specifically to promote development have been increasing. They go by many names, including triple-bottom-line, venture philanthropy, and social-impact investing; they all focus on achieving a development result as well as a financial return, and many have potential for significant returns.

Such investments are not new, but their application across a broad range of sectors—from moderate-income housing, to health care, water and sanitation, and rural development—is recent. And they raise several critical questions for development policy. Do they represent an effective new tool for long-term development? Are they likely to reach the scale necessary to be part of an overall development strategy? There is little data to assess definitively the development impact of this burgeoning activity, but past and current efforts do help indicate whether this sector is worth promoting as a matter of public policy. 

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Tags:  access to finance  Development  Global  impact investing  Sector publication 

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Scaling-Up SME Access to Financial Services in the Developing World

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

This report focuses on the scaling up of SMEs. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a major role in economic development, particularly in emerging countries. Studies indicate that formal SMEs contribute up to 45 percent of employment and up to 33 percent of GDP in developing economies; these numbers are significantly higher when taking into account the estimated contributions of SMEs operating in the informal sector. The informal sector presents one of the greatest challenges in the SME space, with issues that go well beyond finance. In the context of the international development agenda, and given the critical importance of job creation in the recovery cycle following the recent financial crisis, promoting SME development appears to be an impor- tant priority. 

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 Attached Files:

Tags:  access to finance  Economic Growth  Entrepreneurship  Global  impact investing  Sector publication  SME 

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Global Financial Inclusion: Achieving full financial inclusion at the intersection of social benefit and economic sustainability

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

In the past decade, the goal of financial inclusion— ensuring that every individual has access to quality, affordable financial services—has become an increasing priority and possibility worldwide. And as we enter the second decade of the century, the necessary conditions for meeting this goal are coming together.

Financial inclusion aims at benefiting the world’s poor, the vast majority of whom do not use formal financial services of the sort provided by banks, insurers, or microfinance instititutions (MFIs). As a result, they are unable to avail themselves of the fundamental tools of economic self-determination, including savings, credit, insurance, payments, money transfer, and financial education. 

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 Attached Files:

Tags:  access to finance  Global  impact investing  Poverty  Sector publication 

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