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Welcome to the Publications Library! Here you will find a searchable index of reports, toolkits, research papers, and other resources relevant to the Small and Growing Business Sector. Sort by clicking on the relevant tags, or by typing in key words in the box below.


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Top tags: sector publication  impact investing  Entrepreneurship  ANDE publication  access to finance  Global  Social entrepreneurship  women  Development  accelerators  Economic Growth  SGB  SME  Impact Evaluation  africa  2016  India  GALI  ecosystem  Latin America  finance  social enterprise  2017  Agriculture  private sector development  Base of the Pyramid  BoP  environment  poverty  investors 

Partnership for Growth: Linking Large Firms and Agro-Processing SMEs

Posted By Administration, Monday, June 4, 2018

Partnership for Growth: Linking Large Firms and Agro-Processing SMEs
World Bank Group, Norad, Sida, Minstry of Foreign Affairs of Finlad, and UKaid

This report presents lessons learned from various models that public and private sector programs use
to stimulate growth of agro-processing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) through linkages to larger firms in developing countries. The study considers the unique barriers that SMEs face and the market- driven approaches spurring SME growth by facilitating linkages to lead firms in challenging development contexts which might serve as a reference for policymakers, development practitioners, and private sector actors. The report presents approaches to successful, sustainable program design for public and private sector–led initiatives, in an effort to enrich the knowledge available to expand the opportunities for agro-processing, and to attract lead firms to partner with smaller ones. 

Read the full report here. 

Tags:  Agriculture  SMEs 

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Gender Analysis of AgFinance in Ghana and Mozambique

Posted By Liza Curcio, Aspen Institute, Monday, November 6, 2017
Updated: Monday, October 30, 2017

Gender Analysis of AgFinance in Ghana and Mozambique

By Opportunity International

Opportunity International's (Opportunity's) Agricultural Finance (AgFinance) program helps smallholder farmers increase farm productivity, financial stability, and food security to enhance quality of life. To assess and improve its gender strategy, Opportunity conducted an analysis of its AgFinance program in 2016 with funding from the British Government's Department for International Development 


Key Research Findings

  • For Financial Inclusion: 92% of women clients perceive Opportunity as welcoming to women and 81% of women clients say they have more decision-making power in their families because of Opportunity's AgFinance program. Gender barriers arise primarily when Opportunity recruits clients through traditional male-led village structures and farmer groups.
  • For Financial Institutions: To best understand the market potential in serving women with AgFinance, viable market segments must be identified based on factors like location and literacy before segmenting the market by gender. Grasping the diversity of farmers and agri-businesses helps identify the right target market. 

Download the report here.

Tags:  Agriculture  finance  gender  small and growing agrobusiness 

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Smallholder Outgrower Scheme

Posted By Administration, Saturday, April 1, 2017
Updated: Thursday, May 11, 2017

Smallholder Outgrower Scheme:
Principles of Success

by AgDevCo, in collaboration with The MasterCard Foundation and UKAID

AgDevCo, in collaboration with The MasterCard Foundation and UKAID, launched the Smallholder Development Unit (SDU) to work with rural agricultural enterprises to develop equitable outgrower schemes that will boost productivity and incomes for half a million smallholder farmers. This case study investigates the practical lessons and underlying principles of success of six smallholder outgrower schemes.

Download the case study here.

Tags:  Agriculture  smallholder farmers 

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An Exploration of Agripreneurship

Posted By Administration, Friday, July 1, 2016

An exploration of Agripreneurship: Scope, Actors and Prospects

by Steven Carr, Independent Consultant & Anne Roulin, Nestle R&D

This research was commissioned as a result of growing interest in the topic of youth-centered Agripreneurship and seeks to identify the key actors to help young unemployed, or under-employed, graduates in Africa, or other developing economies, to enter into entrepreneurship in agriculture or agribusiness.

It is hoped that this report will encourage future dialogue between organisations that share an area of interest and thus play a meaningful role in catalyzing new partnerships to support the sustainable development of rural communities, building the resilience of food chains and creating wealth through the activities of dynamic young Agripreneurs.

Download the report below. 

Download File (PDF)

Tags:  2016  Agriculture 

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Diverse Perspectives, Shared Objectives

Posted By Administration, Friday, August 21, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

This report describes the collaboration between different organizations, including many ANDE members, that resulted in a USD 25 million impact investment into the African Agricultural Capital Fund.

Download Publication >>

 Attached Files:
424-1.pdf (1.3 MB)

Tags:  access to finance  Africa  Agriculture  impact investing  Sector publication  SME 

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ANDE 2012 Impact Report

Posted By Administration, Saturday, August 15, 2015
Updated: Monday, June 8, 2015

ANDE’s 2012 report on small and growing businesses (SGB) focuses on three “action areas” for the SGB sector:  hurdles for female entrepreneurs; the finance gap for start-ups; and the difficulties faced by small holder agricultural businesses when attempting to enter the global market. In addition, the report includes a comprehensive review of ANDE’s work in 2012. 

Download Publication in English >>

Download in Portuguese >>

Download in Spanish >>

Download File (PDF)

 Attached Files:

Tags:  access to finance  Agriculture  ANDE publication  Entrepreneurship  Global  SGB  Women 

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Root Capital: Applying a Gender Lens to Agriculture Farmers, Leaders, and Hidden Influencers in the Rural Economy

Posted By Administration, Saturday, August 15, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 9, 2015

In this issue brief, the second in Root Capital’s Issue Brief Series, we share our experience of applying a gender lens to our work in smallholder agricultural finance. Through our Women in Agriculture Initiative, we have been able to better understand the areas in which we know we support women (as farmers, agro-processing employees, and leaders). This work has also identified new areas for potential impact that further foster economic empowerment for women, underscoring the vital nature of women in less conspicuous — but high-impact — roles and positions. We call these protagonists “hidden influencers,” and in agriculture they include midlevel managers at agricultural businesses, agronomists, leaders of farmer networks, and agrodealers. While much of the discussion to date among impact investors and development practitioners has been focused on the two ends of the spectrum – women as leaders and women at the base of the economic pyramid – we have seen that women in the middle play critical roles. We seek to expand the dialogue in impact investing and international development to document, celebrate, and support these hidden influencers. 

Download Publication >>

 Attached Files:

Tags:  Agriculture  Case Studies  Development  Entrepreneurship  Global  Sector publication  Women 

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Working with Smallholders

Posted By Administration, Thursday, August 13, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 9, 2015

This handbook responds to the challenges agribusinesses face by laying out the business case for working with smallholder farmers. It also provides a framework for decision making and recommends tools and resources for firms engaging with smallholder farmers.This handbook is designed for operational managers who are responsible for integrating smallholder farmers into value chains as suppliers , clients, or customers. Although the handbook is designed for the private sector, it may also be useful to governmental or nongovernmental agricultural development programs working with smallholders.

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 Attached Files:

Tags:  access to finance  Agriculture  Development  Economic Growth  Entrepreneurship  Global  impact investing  Sector publication 

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Root Capital Study: Improving Rural Livelihoods: A Study of Four Guatemalan Coffee Cooperatives

Posted By Administration, Friday, March 6, 2015

Root Capital is excited to release our first multi-site impact study — Improving Rural Livelihoods: A Study of Four Guatemalan Coffee Cooperatives. As a complement to our ongoing social and environmental due diligence, this comprehensive study provides a more detailed picture of the impacts that our client enterprises have on the livelihoods of smallholder farmers and the environment. We also sought to answer the question: Does Root Capital’s financing and training enable our clients to increase their impacts, and if so, how and to what extent?

In this impact study, we synthesize and share findings from four individual studies, and explore:

  • How enterprises that reliably offer services — such as credit, training, technical assistance and the provision of inputs — to farmers can help them earn higher and more stable incomes.
  • How cooperatives are helping members adopt more sustainable agricultural practices, although overall use of soil, water, and biodiversity conservation practices remains limited.
  • How cooperatives are helping to level the playing field between households represented by female and male cooperative members.
  • How Root Capital’s lending has allowed cooperatives to strengthen their relationships with farmers and pay them earlier in the harvest season.

We also highlight areas for further research and implications for practitioners, including guidance on how to share findings and feedback with clients participating in such impact studies.

The research was conducted in collaboration with the Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank and the Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA). The four cooperatives that participated reflected the range of our Guatemalan coffee portfolio in terms of geography, ethnicity, length of relationship with Root Capital, and diversity of sustainability certifications and buyer relationships.

Find more info and download here: 

Tags:  Agriculture  coffee  cooperatives  environment  guatemala  sector publication 

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Farmer Bankability and Sustainable Finance: Farm-Level Metrics that Matter

Posted By Alexander Pan, Aspen Institute, Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Researchers commissioned by the Rainforest Alliance compared financial recordkeeping variables between Rainforest Alliance Certified farms and noncertified farms; they also surveyed social lenders and local, in-country financial institutions. The study established a common minimum set of metrics for producers to record/report in order to apply for credit; showed that certified producers are better at tracking financial metrics; demonstrated that certified producers have better access to credit; and confirmed that although lenders prefer to lend to small and medium-sized enterprises, they also value farm-level metrics. Read the full report here.

Rainforest Alliance 

September 2013


 Attached Files:

Tags:  agriculture  Environment  metrics  sector publication 

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