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Welcome to the Publications Library! Here you will find a searchable index of reports, toolkits, research papers, and other resources relevant to the Small and Growing Business Sector. Sort by clicking on the relevant tags, or by typing in key words in the box below.

 

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Top tags: sector publication  impact investing  Entrepreneurship  ANDE publication  Access to Finance  Global  women  Social Entrepreneurship  Development  accelerators  Economic Growth  SGB  SME  Impact Evaluation  africa  2018  2016  india  GALI  ecosystem  Latin America  Agriculture  finance  social enterprise  2017  private sector development  Base of the Pyramid  BoP  environment  poverty 

Artificial Intelligence: Practical Superpowers

Posted By Administration, Saturday, June 2, 2018
Updated: Friday, June 1, 2018

Artificial Intelligence: Practical Superpowers
The Case for AI in Financial Services in Africa
FIBR, MasterCard Foundation, BFA

While admittedly often overshadowed by hype, Artificial Intelligence (AI) today offers real opportunities for financial sector players to access new and augmented business abilities. Wielded well, AI can unlock data to reveal insights about customers, operations and businesses to inform key decisions. Sensors in smartphones also open up a whole new world of data as captured through images, text, sound and location, which AI can translate into information in real-time and with high fidelity. These kinds of advancements in the field are especially exciting for financial sector players in Africa, with real-use applications in the informal retail sector, and for businesses that rely on last-mile distribution networks, such as pay-as-you-go (PAYGo) providers,1 to reach their customers. Grounded in creating a practical and compelling case for financial services providers (FSPs) in Africa, we present an overview of AI and its benefits to businesses -- lowering costs, increasing revenue and competing in a changing market -- that could ultimately enable a more customer-centric financial ecosystem.

Read the full report here.

Tags:  2018  africa  finance 

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Gender Analysis of AgFinance in Ghana and Mozambique

Posted By Liza Curcio, Aspen Institute, Monday, November 6, 2017
Updated: Monday, October 30, 2017

Gender Analysis of AgFinance in Ghana and Mozambique

By Opportunity International

Opportunity International's (Opportunity's) Agricultural Finance (AgFinance) program helps smallholder farmers increase farm productivity, financial stability, and food security to enhance quality of life. To assess and improve its gender strategy, Opportunity conducted an analysis of its AgFinance program in 2016 with funding from the British Government's Department for International Development 

 

Key Research Findings

  • For Financial Inclusion: 92% of women clients perceive Opportunity as welcoming to women and 81% of women clients say they have more decision-making power in their families because of Opportunity's AgFinance program. Gender barriers arise primarily when Opportunity recruits clients through traditional male-led village structures and farmer groups.
  • For Financial Institutions: To best understand the market potential in serving women with AgFinance, viable market segments must be identified based on factors like location and literacy before segmenting the market by gender. Grasping the diversity of farmers and agri-businesses helps identify the right target market. 

Download the report here.

Tags:  Agriculture  finance  gender  small and growing agrobusiness 

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SME Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa

Posted By Genevieve Edens, Aspen Institute, Friday, September 22, 2017
Updated: Wednesday, September 20, 2017

SME FINANCE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: HOW DO WE ACHIEVE SIGNIFICANT SCALE AND REACH?

by Enclude, the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs, and the Shell Foundation

Enclude, ANDE, and the Shell Foundation conducted this research in 2016 and 2017, with generous participation from leading providers of SME finance globally through roundtables, workshops, and interviews.  The study focuses on SMEs that are commercially viable with five to 250 employees and have significant potential and ambition for growth. Within this segment, our "Target Market" focus is on businesses in the “validate” and “prepare” stages seeking growth and working capital of between $250,000 and $1 million. 

State of the Market

 We estimate there are 9.4 million formal and informal SMEs in this Target Market with a financing gap upwards of $70 billion

Some financing models show solid commercial promise, but subsidy will be necessary for many years to come. Grant, sub-commercial, and quasi-commercial capital will all be required in greater proportions in order to leverage more commercial capital. DFIs will remain as the main investors, but will need to re-calibrate and re-frame their return expectations, and look to lead and be part of bridging solutions and systemic interventions. 

5 Promising Approaches to Move the Market

A material increase would require growth in the quantum of financing – targeting an additional $3 billion in financing by 2020-2022, led with funding from Development Finance Institutions, as well as donors, foundations, and corporations. Five of the most promising approaches to unlocking this capital, listed in order of absorptive capacity and investor appetite are: 

  •  Commercial Bank with an SME Unit 
  • Investment fund providing mezzanine financing
  • Asset-backed financing
  • Flexible debt instrument
  • Tailored private equity fund 

4 Calls to Action 

  • Build a robust data set that sharpens insights of size, distribution, trajectory, and returns
  • Go deep in one country to demonstrate the viability of the five most promising approaches
  • Unlock domestic capital markets, the only viable solution to foreign exchange issues 
  • Support local talent required to sustain reliable support for target SMEs

Download the executive summary & call to action slides here.

For a narrative version, click here. 

 

Tags:  access to finance  ANDE publication  finance  SGB  SME 

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Financing the Frontier

Posted By Administrater, Thursday, June 1, 2017
Updated: Thursday, May 11, 2017

Financing the Frontier:
Inclusive Financial Sector Development in Fragility-Affected States in Africa

by Financial Sector Deepening Africa in partnership with Mercy Corps

Poverty in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is reducing, but the concentration of extreme poverty in fragile states is likely to increase, according to a new report published today by the Financial Sector Deepening Africa in partnership with Mercy Corps. The report concludes that the donor community can crowd-in legitimate financial market actors and provide the flexibility needed to take risks, and allow development actors to pivot as the fragility-affected states in Africa (FASA) change and adjust.

Download the case study here.

Tags:  Africa  Development  finance  sector publication 

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How to IPO Successfully & Responsibly

Posted By Administration, Thursday, May 11, 2017
Updated: Thursday, May 11, 2017

How to IPO Successfully and Responsibly:
Lessons from Indian Financial Inclusion Institutions

by Grassroots Capital Management PBC and sponsored by Financial Inclusion Equity Council (FIEC)

This paper examines the 2016 IPOs of two Indian micro-lenders – Equitas Holdings and Ujjivan Financial Services – and how they “hardwired” their missions to prioritize their clients, setting them apart and driving their success. The experience of these two companies suggests how a responsible financial services company can position itself to go public while maintaining its social mission. 

Download the case study here.

Tags:  finance  inclusive business  India 

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The Financial Performance of Real Assets Impact Investments

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, May 3, 2017
Updated: Thursday, May 11, 2017

The Financial Performance of Real Assets Impact Investments:
Introducing the Timber, Real Estate, and Infrastructure Impact Benchmarks

by the GIIN and Cambridge Associates

This study, which is part of a larger financial performance series, provides the first comprehensive analysis of the financial performance of 55 private real assets impact investment funds in three sectors: timber, real estate, and infrastructure. The report also launches the Real Assets Impact Investing Benchmarks, which will continue to track the financial performance of impact investing funds across the three sectors; Cambridge Associates will update performance data on the benchmarks quarterly. Encouragingly, the findings show that risk-adjusted market rate returns are achievable in impact investing, as evidenced by return distributions of similar funds with no environmental or social objectives; however, fund selection remains important.

Download the case study here.

Tags:  asset finance  finance  impact investment 

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New Perspectives on Financing Small Cap SME's in Emerging Markets

Posted By Administration, Thursday, June 2, 2016

New Perspectives on Financing Small Cap SME's in Emerging Markets:
The Case for Mezzanine Finance

by the Dutch Good Growth Fund (DGGF)/Investment funds local SME

 In search for new models to provide risk capital, mezzanine finance, which blends elements from traditional Private Equity (PE) and debt financing into a unique product, provides an additional offer in the SME finance ecosystem for missing middle entrepreneurs.

As a relatively young and rather complex segment in the impact investing space, the commissioned study 'Publication of new perspectives on financing small cap SMEs in emerging markets: the case for mezzanine finance' provides an understanding of the specificities, diversity (and complexities) of it, critical to spur innovative thinking on both the fund managers and investors sides so products may be improved and models may be more scalable.

This study is the first of its kind and represents a first step into building small cap SME mezzanine finance as an asset class on its own.

Tags:  2016  finance  Financing Mechanisms  SME 

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The Elephant in the Room: Financial Inclusion for the Missing Middle

Posted By Administration, Wednesday, February 10, 2016

The Elephant in the Room: Financial Inclusion for the Missing Middle

By Joe Dougherty and Radoslava Dogandjieva

Donor agencies, philanthropists, and social innovators are much enamored of financial inclusion these days. This report explores current limitations of financial inclusion and makes the case for why financing SMEs (or the missing middle) is so difficult, and so important. 

Originally published in the MIT Press Journal Innovations 

Also available on the Dalberg Blog

Download File (PDF)

Tags:  access to finance  finance  missing middle 

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New Data Indicates a Leveling of the Playing Field for Global Commerce

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, January 19, 2016

eBay Policy Lab: Enabling Commerce
Over the past decade, technology has driven a game-changing shift in the global economy, enabling more small businesses to sell to customers around the world and compete with large enterprises. For the 2016 Small Online Business Growth Report, we looked at eBay sales and seller data across 10 markets and four years (2010-2014). The data reveals how these small business (SMB) sellers are using technology to drive growth and engage in global trade at rates that far outpace traditional businesses around the world.

See the full report here > > 

Tags:  access to finance  Finance 

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GIZ Publications on Inclusive Business

Posted By Administration, Saturday, August 15, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 9, 2015
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