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Welcome to the Publications Library! Here you will find a searchable index of reports, toolkits, research papers, and other resources relevant to the Small and Growing Business Sector. Sort by clicking on the relevant tags, or by typing in key words in the box below.

 

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Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Three years ago the Kauffman Foundation began funding legal scholars and economists to study, research, and write about the way in which the legal system—the contents of specific laws, judicial doctrines, and regulation, as well as the legal processes—affects innovation and growth. This was both a familiar and novel undertaking for many of the scholars involved. It was familiar because for the past several decades, an increasing number of scholars had already been investigating the way in which the law affects economic efficiency, in the sense of improving or adversely affecting the production of goods and services using existing inputs of labor, capital, and ideas. But the initiative also was novel in that it asked the scholars to move beyond the “static” analysis of the extant “law and economics” literature and begin to investigate how the law was affecting what economists call “dynamic efficiency,” or the maximum rate at which the production of goods and services can grow with the right institutions and policies in place.

Our Foundation has a special interest in economic growth because our founder, Ewing Marion Kauffman, strongly believed that entrepreneurs were the key to innovation and growth, and that only growth would advance living standards. 

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Tags:  Economic Growth  innovation  legal  Sector publication 

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Impact Investing: A Framework for Policy Design and Analysis

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

This publication represents a framework for thinking about the role government policy can play in creating an enabling environment for impact investing. This framework is based on, and illustrated by, 16 individual policies in 13 countries. The following document represents a significant contribution to our thinking about impact investing policy, but it is only the departure point for a conversation that must necessarily become more concrete as it finds application in specific impact objectives, sectors and geographies. We look forward to working with IRI, InSight and other partners to refine the framework and use it as a basis for additional research and policy proposals to unlock impact investment. 

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Tags:  Development  ecosystem  impact investing  Sector publication 

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Creating Shared Value

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

 "The capitalist system is under siege. In recent years business increasingly has been viewed as a major cause of social, environmental, and economic problems. Companies are widely perceived to be prospering at the expense of the broader community..."

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Tags:  ecosystem  Entrepreneurship  impact investing  Sector publication 

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The Social and Economic Impact of Standard Chartered Ghana

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Standard Chartered commissioned this report to gain an understanding of its economic impact in Ghana. the bank believes it should contribute directly to the economies in which it operates. to this end, it hopes this report will help to inform its future strategy, in Ghana and elsewhere. 

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Tags:  Africa  Development  Economic Growth  Entrepreneurship  Impact Evaluation  impact investing  Sector publication 

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More than Money: Impact Investing for Development

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Much of development policy is geared toward increasing investment and creating the conditions that allow private capital flows to take the place of development assistance. The renowned development success stories—Taiwan, South Korea, Eastern Europe, Costa Rica, and China—have all been marked by a dramatic increase in private investment, both domestic and foreign.

Investments designed specifically to promote development have been increasing. They go by many names, including triple-bottom-line, venture philanthropy, and social-impact investing; they all focus on achieving a development result as well as a financial return, and many have potential for significant returns.

Such investments are not new, but their application across a broad range of sectors—from moderate-income housing, to health care, water and sanitation, and rural development—is recent. And they raise several critical questions for development policy. Do they represent an effective new tool for long-term development? Are they likely to reach the scale necessary to be part of an overall development strategy? There is little data to assess definitively the development impact of this burgeoning activity, but past and current efforts do help indicate whether this sector is worth promoting as a matter of public policy. 

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Tags:  access to finance  Development  Global  impact investing  Sector publication 

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Impact Investing: A Special Report from This is Africa

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

This is a special report on impact investing. Impact investing, which aims to solve social and/or enviromental problems while generating a profit, is on the rise and starting to attract institutional investors.

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154-1.pdf (21.58 MB)

Tags:  Entrepreneurship  impact investing  Sector publication 

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Scaling-Up SME Access to Financial Services in the Developing World

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

This report focuses on the scaling up of SMEs. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a major role in economic development, particularly in emerging countries. Studies indicate that formal SMEs contribute up to 45 percent of employment and up to 33 percent of GDP in developing economies; these numbers are significantly higher when taking into account the estimated contributions of SMEs operating in the informal sector. The informal sector presents one of the greatest challenges in the SME space, with issues that go well beyond finance. In the context of the international development agenda, and given the critical importance of job creation in the recovery cycle following the recent financial crisis, promoting SME development appears to be an impor- tant priority. 

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Tags:  access to finance  Economic Growth  Entrepreneurship  Global  impact investing  Sector publication  SME 

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Impact Investments: An Emerging Asset Class

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

"In a world where government resources and charitable donations are insufficient to address the world’s social problems, impact investing offers a new alternative for channeling large-scale private capital for social benefit. With increasing numbers of investors rejecting the notion that they face a binary choice between investing for maximum risk-adjusted returns or donating for social purpose, the impact investment market is now at a significant turning point as it enters the mainstream. In this work, we argue that impact investments are emerging as an alternative asset class. As such, we analyze the questions one would ask when adding impact investments to an investment portfolio."

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Tags:  capital  impact investing  Sector publication  social impact 

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Global Financial Inclusion: Achieving full financial inclusion at the intersection of social benefit and economic sustainability

Posted By Susannah Eastham, Aspen Institute, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

In the past decade, the goal of financial inclusion— ensuring that every individual has access to quality, affordable financial services—has become an increasing priority and possibility worldwide. And as we enter the second decade of the century, the necessary conditions for meeting this goal are coming together.

Financial inclusion aims at benefiting the world’s poor, the vast majority of whom do not use formal financial services of the sort provided by banks, insurers, or microfinance instititutions (MFIs). As a result, they are unable to avail themselves of the fundamental tools of economic self-determination, including savings, credit, insurance, payments, money transfer, and financial education. 

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Tags:  access to finance  Global  impact investing  Poverty  Sector publication 

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Credit Gap - Two Trillion and Counting

Posted By Administration, Tuesday, August 25, 2015
Updated: Tuesday, June 16, 2015

 This report reviews micro, small, and medium-size enterprises (MSMEs—enterprises that typically have fewer than 250 employees) that contribute significantly to economic development. This is particularly evident in developing countries, where formal MSMEs represent approximately 45 percent of employment and approximately 33 percent of GDP.2 This contribution to economic development is even greater when informal MSMEs—that is, enterprises that are not formally registered—are included. 

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Tags:  access to finance  Entrepreneurship  impact investing  Sector publication  SME 

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