A. Davidson

Con el lanzamiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, el "ODS 8: Trabajo Decente y Crecimiento Económico" se ha convertido en una consigna para las y los profesionales que buscan impulsar el emprendimiento como un medio para el desarrollo económico y social. Sin embargo, mientras que el concepto de trabajo decente puede parecer sencillo, definir claramente un “trabajo de calidad” ha probado ser una tarea compleja. El reporte primero resume cómo se define y se mide la calidad del empleo; después provee un panorama de la evidencia actual sobre la calidad del empleo en las PyMEs y, por último, examina la efectividad de las intervenciones para mejorar la calidad del empleo.

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Com o lançamento dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável das Nações Unidas, o "ODS 8: Trabalho Decente e Crescimento Econômico" tornou-se um grito de guerra para os profissionais que buscam impulsionar o empreendedorismo como meio de desenvolvimento econômico e social. No entanto, embora o conceito de trabalho decente possa parecer direto, definir claramente um “trabalho de qualidade” se mostrou uma tarefa complexa. O relatório primeiro resume como a qualidade de vida no trabalho é definida e mensurada, em seguida, fornece uma visão geral das evidências atuais sobre a qualidade dos empregos em SMEs e, por fim, examina a eficácia das intervenções para melhorar a qualidade de vida no trabalho.

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To understand the network’s current level of support for climate entrepreneurship, ANDE identified which of its members work in climate adaptation, mitigation, and resilience and mapped where and how this support is being provided. Data were collected between March and August 2021 through a survey of ANDE’s member organizations as well as supplementary desk research. While the analysis in this snapshot is static, the information is meant to serve as a catalyst for greater climate action in the SGB sector.

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L’expression «gestion des talents» peut être définie de différentes manières, mais en général, elle fait référence aux processus d’une entreprise visant à recruter, développer et conserver les employés dont les fonctions offrent le meilleur potentiel permettant de renforcer les avantages concurrentiels d’une entreprise. En effet, les PME sont confrontées à certaines contraintes liées à leur taille et à leur fragilité et ont donc besoin d’approches différentes pour trouver et conserver une main-d’oeuvre performante.Ce rapport résume la littérature existante sur la gestion des talents au sein des PME, en mettant l’accent sur les économies en développement dans la mesure du possible, et souligne les lacunes spécifiques liées à la recherche qui devraient être prioritaires à l’avenir.

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Entrepreneurial ecosystems comprise the set of cultural, political, and economic elements that allow entrepreneurs to start, sustain, and scale a new business. While the concept of an entrepreneurial ecosystem is well-established, the evidence base on how exactly ecosystems grow and whether interventions can accelerate this growth is still emerging. This report synthesizes the existing evidence on the complex process of building entrepreneurial ecosystems and offers key lessons from the literature.

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Les écosystèmes entrepreneuriaux comprennent l’ensemble des éléments culturels, politiques et économiques qui permettent aux entrepreneurs de lancer, soutenir et développer une nouvelle affaire. Si le concept d’écosystème entrepreneurial est bien établi, la base de données probantes sur la manière exacte dont les écosystèmes se développent et sur la question à savoir si les interventions peuvent accélérer cette croissance est toujours en cours d’élaboration. Ce rapport synthétise les données existantes sur le processus complexe de création d’écosystèmes entrepreneuriaux et propose des enseignements clés tirés de la documentation.

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Ecossistemas empreendedores compreendem o conjunto de elementos culturais, políticos e econômicos que permitem aos empreendedores iniciar, sustentar e expandir um novo negócio. Embora o conceito de ecossistema empreendedor esteja bem estabelecido, a base de evidências sobre como exatamente os ecossistemas crescem e se as intervenções podem acelerar esse crescimento ainda está emergindo. Este relatório resume as evidências existentes sobre o complexo processo de construção de ecossistemas empreendedores e oferece lições importantes da literatura.

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Los ecosistemas de emprendimiento comprenden un conjunto de elementos culturales, políticos y económicos que permiten a las y los emprendedores iniciar, sostener y escalar un nuevo negocio. Mientras que el concepto de ecosistema de emprendimiento está bien establecido, la base de la evidencia sobre cómo crecen exactamente los ecosistemas y sobre si las intervenciones pueden acelerar este crecimiento es aún emergente. Este informe sintetiza la evidencia existente sobre el complejo proceso de construir ecosistemas de emprendimiento y ofrece lecciones clave a partir de la literatura.

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The term talent management can be defined in various ways, but in general refers to a business’ processes to recruit, develop, and retain employees whose roles have the greatest potential to contribute to a firm’s competitive advantage. SMEs face certain constraints given their size and fragility and therefore need different approaches to find and retain a high-functioning workforce. This report summarizes the existing literature on talent management within SMEs, with a focus on developing economies where possible, and points to specific research gaps that should be prioritized moving forward.

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"While studies have found that acceleration does, in the aggregate, have a positive effect on new venture growth, further investigation has shown that there is significant unmet need for financial capital, particularly in developing economies. Little investigation has been done on how accelerators (particularly those that do not invest in their ventures directly) make connections with finance providers and whether these efforts are effective. The Global Accelerator Learning Initiative (GALI), a partnership between the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE) and Emory University, was created to explore questions such as these. Between 2013 – 2020, GALI partnered with dozens of accelerator programs to collect detailed data from entrepreneurs who applied to their respective application processes. These entrepreneurs, including those not selected into a program, were then resurveyed annually to gather valuable follow-up data about the status of their ventures over time. This knowledge brief explores GALI data from Central American startups, as well as qualitative insights from accelerators and finance providers."

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